Glossary

Glossary of terms

A-B

  • Africa@home - Africa@home is an interdisciplinary project the first phase of which allowed the Swiss Tropical Institute to run a malaria modelling project thanks to the BOINC technology. This was made possible through the multi-stakeholder partnership called Africa@home, which involves CERN, the University of Geneva, ICVolunteers], the World Health Organization, AIMS, several other African academic institutions, the Swiss Tropical Institute, and Informaticiens sans frontières (ISF), with the support of the Geneva International Academic Network.
  • AIMS - African Institute for Mathematical Sciences: www.aims.ac.za
  • AUF - Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie: www.auf.org
  • BOINC - Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing is a software package which allows mobilizing computing and storage resources through the Internet. BOINC is client-server based. It facilitates complex scientific computing through distributed public computing resources. In that sense, it is a form of digital solidarity. BOINC is freely available and enables a range of different applications in an easy and fast fashion (Windows, Linux, Mac-OS and other operating systems compatible). The program functions like a traditional screen-saver. However, in addition to showing images, it also carries out useful computation in the background. Infrastructure.

C-D

  • CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research: www.cern.ch
  • CEV - European Volunteer Centre: www.cev.be
  • CIVICUS - World Alliance for Citizen Participation: www.civicus.org
  • Cyber-volunteering - Volunteers get involved in local, regional and international projects for a period of several weeks or months, offering their skills in areas such as web or software development, system administration and content generation.
  • CyberVolunteers Program - The Program run by ICVolunteers which recruits, trains and coordinates volunteers with skills in information and communication technology (ICT) for development. Volunteers participate in local, regional and international projects for a period of several weeks or months, offering their skills in areas such as web or software development, system administration and content generation. The Program values in particular South-South exchanges, but also includes South-North and North-South cooperation. By doing so, it aims to help create a global information and shared knowledge society accessible to many. The CyberVolunteers Program benefits from the patronage of UNESCO-Switzerland: 

E-J

  • EPFL - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne: www.epfl.ch
  • GCAP - Appel pour l'Action Contre la Pauvreté
  • GIAN - Geneva International Academic Network: www.ruig-gian.org
  • GICHD - Centre International de Déminage Humanitaire de Genève
  • GKP - Global Knowledge Partnership: www.globalknowledge.org

I-Q

  • IAAP - International Association for Applied Psychology: www.iaap.org
  • ICTs - Information and Communication Technoloies, term that designates technologies related to the Internet and multimedia. The term also covers the notion of increased interactivity of these products and services targeting a non-specialized public. Through IT, telecommunications networks and audiovisuals, ICTs target the largest number.
  • ICTP - Centre International de Physique Théorique: www.ictp.it
  • IFRC - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: www.ifrc.org
  • ISF - Informaticiens sans frontières: http://isf.cern.ch
  • ISTM - Institut Supérieur Technologique de Montplaisir: www.lycee-montplaisir.org
  • ITU - International Telecommunications Union: www.itu.int
  • IUED - Graduate Institute for Development Studies: www.iued.org
  • MDG - Millennium Development Goals: www.un.org/millenniumgoals

R-Z

  • STI - Swiss Tropical Institute: www.sti.ch
  • Volunteer Computing --also called peer-to-peer computing, global computing or community computing-- uses computers offered on a volunteer basis by the general public to do complex scientific computing. It is currently being used in particular in molecular biology, medicine, climate studies, high energy physics and environmental sciences.
  • UNISWA - University of Swaziland: www.uniswa.sz
  • WHO - World Health Organization: www.who.int
  • WSIS - World Summit on the Information Society: www.wsis.org
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